Complete Ophthalmic Exam Including:
◾Schirmer Tear Test: This test measures the amount of tears your pet’s eye is producing. A small strip of paper is placed beneath the eyelid, slightly irritating the eye and absorbing the tears that are generated in response. After a minute, we see how much of the paper strip becomes wet, measured in millimeters. A healthy animal should produce 15-25mm of tears in one minute.
◾Intraocular Pressure Check (Tonometry): Our team will use a device called a tonopen or tonovet to measure the pressure of the fluid inside your pet’s eye. This test is performed by lightly touching the surface of the eye with the tip of the instrument. A reading is produced in mmHg. Healthy animal eyes generally have a pressure between 8-20mmHg.
◾Fluorescein stain: This test helps visualize ulcerations on the surface of the eye. A fluorescein stain is put on the eye and then washed out. The stain lingers in bright green on any scratches, punctures, or other abnormalities so they can be easily seen with magnification.
◾Slit Lamp Biomicroscopy: This exam allows the doctor to see areas at the front of the eye, including the eyelids, conjunctiva, iris, lens, sclera, and cornea under magnification.
◾Indirect Ophthalmoscopy: This equipment is used to visualize the retina or the back of the eye. Your pet's pupil may have to be dilated with temporary medication for this exam.
Other Diagnostics include:
◾Gonioscopy: Gonioscopy is an eye examination with a special lens that is placed on the eye to look at the front peripheral part of the eye (anterior chamber) between the cornea and the iris. Gonioscopy is a painless examination to see whether the area where fluid drains out of your eye (called the drainage angle) is open or closed. This is used as tool to help screen for dogs that are potentially at risk for glaucoma.
◾Electroretinography: This is a test similar to an EKG of your heart. It is an electrical function test for the retina to make sure it is properly working.
◾Ocular Ultrasound: This is utilized to make sure the retina is in the correct position, and to check for any abnormalities within the eye, such as masses.
◾Blood Pressure (Doppler and Oscillometric): This is a test to identify high blood pressure in pets. This test is often utilized to identify problems with the eye such as hyphema (blood in the eye), and retinal detachments.
◾Eye Certification (CAER) Exams for Purebred Dogs:
A CAER exam screens for hereditary eye diseases and abnormalities in purebred dogs. Results are utilized by breeders as a guide to produce healthier dogs and by the OFA CAER (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals’ Companion Animal Eye Registry) to track and provide information on trends in eye disease and breed susceptibility.
Surgery and Treatments:
Cataract surgery (phacoemulsification with foldable intraocular lens placement)
Lens luxation management and surgery
Corneal ulcer treatment- medical and surgical
Corneal disease diagnosis and treatment
Glaucoma treatment- medical and surgical
Ocular and periocular tumors
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS, dry eye) treatment- medical and surgical
Prolapsed third eyelid gland repair “Cherry Eye Surgery”
Nasolacrimal disease treatment
Ocular manifestations of systemic diseases
Eyelid surgery for abnormalities and tumors
Acute blindness- diagnosis and management
Retinal diseases- diagnosis and management
Distichia and ectopic cilia surgery ( abnormal eyelashes )
Uveitis treatment (intraocular inflammation)
Immune-mediated ocular disease treatment and management
Traumatic eye or orbit injuries- medical and surgical treatment
Retrobulbar disease treatment
Optic nerve diseases and other neuro-ophthalmic disease management